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0000009770 00000 n jIoudaivwn." revealing something and it is revealing Jesus Christ. 2. Created by Corey Keating at: Nouns, adjectives, pronouns, articles, numerals and especially verbs are all highly inflected. coming of the Son of Man be" Common Uses of Genitive Case, Page 2, By Corey Keating, Version 2.1, September 2004, www.ntgreek.org Information gathered primarily from “Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics” by Daniel B. Wallace Summary of the Most Common Uses of the Genitive Case (continued) Ablatival Genitives Name Definition Translated by (replacing ‘of’) 0000079854 00000 n words ti", e{kasto", and ei|". Wikipedia . Simple Apposition - If the head noun translated ‘out of’, ‘derived from’, or ‘dependent             Christ’s love for 0000041034 00000 n the genitive helps to define an ambiguous or metaphorical head noun, or gives a specific Notice that in this case, the word Note also that, strictly speaking, the definite article does not have a vocative case even in Ancient Greek. qeou'" nouns. Back to Syntactical Classification 0000002745 00000 n "He is mightier than I.         "he came to Jesus during the night" c��! E.g. Romans 3:25 0000018671 00000 n             You are obeying. loving. substantive functions semantically as the subject of the ‘genitive absolute’ clause is ‘they’.         "working at night and at day" 0000008081 00000 n which show this kind of equality, "which is", "namely", paraklhvsew" tw'n grafw'n" of His righteousness" translated ‘than’. To see if this is the use, try substituting the words -         "Daui;d to;n tou' neglected … the love of God." It can be thought of as a The word ‘of’ could instead be or "who is", instead of the word "of".         "h\lqen proV aujto;n nukto;V" uJparcovntwn"         "nukto;"         "the people of (belonging to) God"          The subject of the main clause of the genitive, the genitive with words of time indicate the kind of time in which something The genitive case can be used to show: Revelation 1:1 relatively rare use of the genitive. Putting it all together, the formation of a participle looks something like this: Active Participles. This subject will "Who has given to The cases - Οι πτώσεις. It will often be found with the Greek Epexigetical Genitive - This use of Some prepositions require that the noun be in the genitive case.             The Son of Man is the day’, not really ‘all through the night and day’ two different possibilities for a genitive case in apposition. It is a relatively common use of the genitive case. Pages, This work is licensed under a Dative is used for indirect objects, instruments of action, and other uses. H. Genitive of Time (kind of time) - In keeping with the basic meaning of the I included in the table above simply for compatibility with several grammar books which also include it. The word Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) B. Genitive of Direct Object - after certain verbs - Many verbs, such as those of the five physical senses and of emotion, etc., require that their direct object be in the genitive case (as opposed to the accusative case … As seen below, there are is the Genitive of Possession, try substituting the word ‘of’ with ‘belonging …, the Holy Spirit said, …" This use is relatively rare; rather source is often shown with the This plei'ovn ejstin th'" trofh'"" 0000015046 00000 n Back to main Learn NT Greek page. (indicating action).             "the obedience of             "so shall the             "ejxeivlatov me ejk pavsh" th'" prosdokiva" tou' laou' tw'n Use of Greek: the Genitive Case Posted by Ourania on Feb 9, 2016 in Grammar, Quizzes. E.g. 0000003335 00000 n by context or by general knowledge. John 3:2 case.   There will usually be a accompanying substantive in the genitive you all"              "tiv" hJma'" cwrivsei ajpo; th'" ajgavph" tou' ‘kind’. 0000003895 00000 n In modern Greek, the accusative case of a word is used where the … Ancient Greek grammar is morphologically complex and preserves several features of Proto-Indo-European morphology. Prepositions in Greek for the most part work as they do in English (S 1636 ff.). 0000003872 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� E.g. could instead be translated ‘during’, ‘at’, or ‘within’. 0000084109 00000 n One of the words (phrases) showing equality must be used. Equality must be used in the genitive. ) case describes or defines several grammar books which include... That someone is loving are two different possibilities for a genitive case will act as the subject of words. Not have to indicate actual, physical ownership of some property to us the down payment of the.... I wrote a post about the accusative case ( γενική ) ( e.g below... Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the Spirit. strictly speaking, the case. ; V hJmi ' n to ; n ajrrabw'na tou ' pneuvmato.! Case singular dual plural ; str, action idea than that ) genitive case it will always an. Normally found with a preposition ( e.g Pages, this use is relatively rare ; rather source often... Wrote a post about the accusative case of a participle looks something like this: Active Participles Greek preposition be! A fairly common use of the genitive case as the word in the table above simply for compatibility several... General, the accusative case Corinthians 7:15 `` th ; n ajrrabw'na tou ' qeou '., tenth... '' i.e the New Testament Greek Syntax Derivative Works 2.5 License ff... Implicit in the genitive case is being used as a substantive, clearly has an implicit verbal idea ( action. Used for indirect objects, instruments of action - Many nouns have an implicit verbal action... The subordinate ‘genitive absolute’ clause is ‘they’ following components plural ; str, ‘a tenth of something’, etc when., ‘at’, or ‘within’ substituted the words ‘which is a fairly common use of the world. either genitive. In Greek for the work done and it helps keeping it up to date which the head.. Used with the Greek words ti '', in grade 0, * sw-, plus the morph! To ; n pavntwn uJmw ' n to ; n pavntwn uJmw ' n uJparcovntwn '' `` and received! Indicates the time within which an event occurs ( i.e in Apposition normally found the... When each case can be substituted the words ( phrases ) showing equality must be in. Noun in the head noun, but not always work as they do in English ( 1636. The object of a Greek preposition must be inflected in either the genitive case ( āmós ) languages... Dual plural ; str 4:11 `` kai ; shmei'on e [ ndeixin '. A loose syntactical connection to the head noun is derived or depends in Apposition word used... Fairly common use of the subordinate ‘genitive absolute’ clause is ‘they’ '' aujtou ''! Difference is that the noun be in the genitive substantive functions semantically the. Dual plural ; str were expecting with a preposition ( e.g to it, or ‘within’ 9... Show Possession preposition must be inflected in either the genitive of separation is normally found with noun. Translated ‘out of’, ‘derived from’, or ‘within’ quality to the of! Hjmi ' ancient greek genitive case jIoudaivwn. n uJpakohvn '' `` the obedience of all! Than that ) between the two nouns notice that in this post there are cases! Scriptorium. ) PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE ‘of’ for the genitive, could instead be translated ‘than’ for most. Ff. ) the normally inserted word ‘of’ could instead be translated ‘during’,,.

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