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Athens kept inside the city walls, but many people died because of a terrible sickness, including Pericles. They controlled their own properties, as well as the properties of male relatives who were away with the army. Athenian democracy was established in 508 BC under Cleisthenes, after the tyranny of the Peistratids and the rule of Isagoras. At Chaeronea, Philip of Macedonia controlled Greece. T… KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids. The idea of the title is credited to Melina Mercouri – former actress, activist, and Minister of Culture – and her French homologue, Jack Lang. In this battle of Salamis a few hundred Greek ships destroyed many, many Persian ships.

This. this helped so much with my class project.

The ancient people in Athens lived below the rocky hill of Acropolis. Its culture and political achievements during the 5th and 4th centuries BC had widespread effects.

The Greek hoplites fought so close together that their shields overlapped with each other. . Contrast that with Sparta. This system remained remarkably stable, and with a few brief interruptions remained in place for 180 years, until 322 BC. Thanks this helped a lot for our chant for the greek olympics!!! First Peloponnesian War. People are very impressed with the Ancient Greek civilization.

While some of marbled sidewalks are still in place, Athenian roads and walkways were modernized, making the entire city more accessible for everyone – just in time for the 2004 Olympics. Athens kept inside the city walls, but many people died because of a terrible sickness, including Pericles. It was one of the most powerful cities in ancient times. Although Spartan women were excluded from military and political life they enjoyed considerable status as mothers of Spartan warriors. Pericles was when Athens was strongest, and this time was called the Golden Age of Greece. The Cyclades Islands in Greece – Travel Guides and Tips, Best Budget Bike Trainer – Indoor Cycling Turbo Trainers, Best Bike Touring Tires – Choosing tyres for your bicycle tour, Best Bike Tool Kit For Home Bicycle Maintenance And Repair. The area became wealthy and powerful partly because of rich deposits of marble, lead and silver. The Acropolis is a natural high point in Athens which has been fortified. Athens only became the Greek Capital in 1834. The city has several key archaeological sites as well as lesser known areas where you can see ancient Athens peaking out from behind the modern urban sprawl. Nobles seized lots of land, since farmers who could not pay their debts could have their land taken from them. [1] Ten committees were given the right to declare war, collect money and see if the people with power were honest. KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids. Classical Athens refers to the city of Athens from 508 to 322 BC. Athena won the contest since the people think that olive trees were more valuable for them. The magnificent Hotel Grande Bretagne, located in Syntagma Square, was used as a royal guesthouse in the 19th century, and it served as Nazi headquarters during the German occupation of Athens in World War II. Facts about Ancient Athens present the ideas of the ancient times of the Greek people. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Classical_Athens&oldid=4801042. Athens is Europe’s oldest capital.

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They left their home at the age of 14 to get married, sometimes with a man who was much older than she was (about 30 years old).

2. Athens' navy was taken by Spartans who had been trained severely since they were children. All free men could be citizens, even though the lower class could not vote.[1]. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Your email address will not be published. In the centuries that followed, the geographical area of Greece was then occupied and ruled by the Romans, Venetians and Ottomans (among others!). For protection in wrestling, he tied leather strips around his wrists. Girls as well as boys received an education. He also cut his hair. Many of the sites can be seen around the Acropolis in what is termed as the historic centre. Philip of Macedonia began to move into Greek territory. For 30 years Sparta ruled, but many people did not like Spartan government, and Thebes, another city-state, helped Athens defeat Sparta. They each offered a gift to gain favor of its people and the gods, but Athena’s olive tree was deemed more valuable than the salt water spring given by Poseidon, so her name was given to the city-state. Sparta had help from other states. However, because of a Greek traitor, the Persians won. For 30 years Sparta ruled, but many people did not like Spartan government, and Thebes, another city-state, helped Athens defeat Sparta. This means they could not vote and did not have any direct say in what happened in Athens. For fun, they also raced little chariots pulled by dogs. Learn more about Acropolis facts. This is called dictatorship.

They may have shared the same cultural, religious and linguistic heritage, but they were ruled independently. The reason for this, is that Ancient Greece was not a country, but a collection of independent city states. Democracy was established in Athens around 500 B.C. The girl and her mother had no say in who she married, it was entirely the father's choice.

Athenian democracy was established in 508 BC under Cleisthenes, after the tyranny of the Peistratids and the rule of Isagoras.This system remained remarkably stable, and with a few brief interruptions remained in place for 180 years, until 322 BC. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. As a city dating back to antiquity, Athens is an interesting case study of architecture and is home to a variety of styles, from Greco-Roman to Neoclassical to modern. They could not run for election. The classical period is usually dealt with by its most important political events, as follows: When King Xerxes of Persia fought the Greeks of Asia Minor, Athens helped them. And yes, if you didn't realise already, democracy is taken from a Greek word! Athens was at the centre of an area known as Attica.

The girls were educated at home. Her marriage would be arranged by her father. Although the city of Athens was burnt down before the Persians left, most of the people had run away to the nearby islands for safety. Delian League ("Athenian Empire") shown in yellow, Athenian territory shown in red, situation in 431 BC, before the, • Dissolution of Athenian democracy in 322 BC by Antipater, Corinthian War and the Second Athenian League (395–355 BC). In the classical period, Athens was a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Akademia and Aristotle's Lyceum. Athens has experienced almost every form of government.

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