Human races are not like dog breeds: refuting a racist analogy. Anthropologists must mitigate racial biases in society wherever they might be lurking and quash any sociopolitical attempts to normalize or promote racist rhetoric, sentiment, and behavior. Genetic ancestry testing should be used by U.S. law enforcement when evaluating conflicting eyewitness descriptions. 0000036928 00000 n Comparing our results directly with those of Lieberman and Reynolds (1978), we see a sizable shift in agreement with the statement “No races exist now or ever did.” As shown in Table 5, while only a minority of respondents (17%) agreed with that statement in 1978, a majority of respondents (53%) agreed with that statement in 2013. 0000036169 00000 n Most anthropologists believe that categorizing human groups by race has no biological basis. Fourteen statements evoked unified responses from a super‐majority, with professional anthropologists (a) rejecting the idea that humans can be subdivided into biological races; the idea that races are biologically determined; the existence of discrete boundaries among races; and the use of genetic ancestry when making child placement or college admission decisions and (b) accepting the existence of biological variation; overlapping trait distributions; the superiority of genetic ancestry over race as a proxy for genetic relationships between peoples; the importance of understanding the relationship among race, genetics and health; and the need to take genetic ancestry into account when diagnosing and treating certain conditions. Statements previously studied by Lieberman and Reynolds (1978) were used as inspiration for some statements, and four statements were re‐examined verbatim (statements #4, 5, 8, and 9 in Table 1). 4. 9. Commercial genetic ancestry testing provides a good assessment of a person's ancestry. patterned way 0000000780 00000 n rhetorical inconsistency “Races are the taxonomic unit below the species level, and if such units are not called race, ‘it still has exactly the same taxonomic meaning.’”, 2. JHY and TH administered the survey. Table 2 (middle column) provides a summary of the reported levels of agreement and disagreement with statements on race. The continued use of race concepts in genetic research was described recently as “problematic at best and harmful at worst” (Yudell, Roberts, DeSalle, & Tishkoff, 2016, p. 564). Genetic variation data may be used to cluster racially ascribed people into groups of continental origin. statistical fact Genetic ancestry testing undermines biological conceptions of race. 7. 8. 6. Genetic ancestry should be considered in diagnosing certain conditions or diseases. Thus, ‘geographic distributions of more than one trait have no necessary correlation.’”, 7.
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